Are Personal Loans Fixed or Variable?

Exploring different types of personal loans can help you select the type that is best for you. So where can you learn about the different types of personal loans? Right here! We have organized reader-friendly information that you should know about personal loans. When you are ready to apply for a personal loan we encourage you to visit Acorn Finance. Acorn Finance is a trusted online platform that can generate multiple personalized loan offers within seconds.

What is a personal loan?

A personal loan allows you to borrow money and use it for just about anything you need it for. In most cases, personal loans are issued by credit unions, banks, or online lenders. Personal loans that are offered with fixed rates and fixed terms can be more common than variable-rate personal loans. Just like most loans, borrowers are expected to repay their loan in accordance with the repayment terms. Compared to credit cards, interest rates offered for personal loans are usually lower. While some credit cards may offer a 0% introductory rate, it’s usually only for a short period of time. Once the introductory period is over you can be charged interest for that time if the balance is not paid in full. Personal loans can offer you more money and terms between 1-7 years.

Are there different types of personal loans?

Yes, there are different types of personal loans. In the following section we will dive into the main types of personal loans. In addition to the main types below, personal loans can also be offered as co-sign loans, personal lines of credit, and more. Co-signed loans can be a good option for borrowers with credit challenges.

What are the main types of personal loans?

Below, we will compare the main types of personal loans. You may be wondering, which personal loan is best for me? The answer is dependent upon your situation, circumstances, and needs.

#1. Secured personal loans

Secured personal loans are backed by collateral. This means that if the borrower defaults, the lender can seize the collateral. Collateral can include your home, car, or other assets. Compared to unsecured personal loans, secured loans are less risky for the lender. Since secured loans are less risky for lenders they usually have lower interest rates than unsecured personal loans. However, borrowers have more at risk when using a secured loan which can make unsecured loans more appealing even if the interest is slightly higher.

#2. Unsecured personal loans

Unsecured personal loans do not require any collateral making them one of the most common personal loan types. Unsecured loans can be riskier for lenders making it justifiable for them to charge slightly higher interest rates. Most unsecured personal loans offer interest rates between 4.99% – 36% and repayment terms between 1-12 years (terms vary by the purpose of the loan.

#3. Fixed-interest personal loans

Most personal loans have fixed interest rates. This means that your interest rate is predetermined at the time the loan is taken and your monthly payments stay the same. Fixed interest rate loans are more consistent and budget-friendly since you will always know what your payment is. In addition, they can offer a sense of security for longer-term personal loans.

#4. Variable-interest personal loans

Personal loans with variable interest rates have interest rates that are based on benchmark rates set by banks or lenders. Compared to fixed interest rate loans, variable rate loans do not have consistent monthly payments. Your loan rate, payment, and total interest cost can change on a regular basis. Most variable-rate loans offer lower interest rates to attract borrowers. In addition, most variable rate loans provide a cap on the maximum interest rate that can be charged during the life of the loan. The cap is designed to protect borrowers. It’s unlikely that rates will surge in a short amount of time. Therefore, variable rate loans can make sense for shorter-term loans.

#5. Debt consolidation personal loans

Debt consolidation loans allow you to combine multiple debts into one single loan. This can simplify your debt by giving you just one monthly payment. By having all of your debts in one place it can be easier to monitor and pay off.

Pros & Cons of a personal loan:


  • Competitive interest rates
  • Versatile ways to spend
  • Offered by a variety of lenders
  • Available for all credit types
  • Generous loan amounts
  • Quick approval & funding
  • Terms up to 7 years


  • More debt
  • Origination fees
  • Early payoff penalty may apply
  • Other alternatives may have lower rates

When to consider getting a personal loan

You may want to consider getting a personal loan if you want to finance a large expense project or consolidate debt. If you can afford the monthly payment for a personal loan then you should use the loan! You should make sure the interest rate and terms being offered are competitive as well. Acorn Finance is a reliable and secure platform that allows you to compare multiple personal loan offers without affecting your credit score. This can help expedite the shopping process while allowing you to secure the best offer.

What type of personal loan is best?

The answer to this question is: it depends. Here’s what you need to ask yourself: ‘what is the purpose of the loan’, ‘what is my credit rating like’, ‘what can I afford to pay every month’, ‘can I do what I want to do without borrowing the money’? Generally speaking though, an unsecured personal loan that is solely in your name is best.

There are a few very good reasons for this:

Easy approval: If your credit score is good, they are fairly easy to be approved for and the rate will be reasonable.
Fixed terms: Your interest rate and repayment terms are usually fixed so you will know exactly how much you need to pay each month and when the loan will be paid off.
No collateral: There is no collateral so if you fail to make your payments it will affect your credit but the lender can’t easily seize any of your assets.
Sole responsibility: You are not involving another borrower. Sometimes mixing relationships with finances can cause a lot of friction.

Well, what about other loan types? What are they good for? Your next best option would probably be a secured loan. However, keep in mind that if you default on a secured loan the lender can seize the collateral you provide.

Here are the things to consider about a secured loan:

Lower interest rates: You can usually get a better rate if you use a secured loan because the lender has less risk.
Fixed terms: Your interest rate and repayment will probably be fixed so you will know how much you have to pay each month and when you will have paid it off.
Better chance of approval: Sometimes providing security will be the deciding factor on whether or not a lender will extend a loan to you. If a lender is undecided because you have had negative credit issues in the past or you have a very limited borrowing history, security can tip the balance in your favor.

So, what other options are there? While there are other types of loans out there, secured and unsecured loans are pretty much the only options for personal loans. In most cases, a personal loan will be unsecured. Personal loans may be advertised as debt consolidation loans or home improvement loans.

Debt consolidation loans can be a great option if you are looking to pay off high interest rate debts with a lower rate loan. As an added bonus, you can exchange several monthly payments for just one. Making debt more manageable may increase your chance of on-time repayment. If you use a debt consolidation loan and properly manage it, it can help improve your credit score and reduce financial stress.

What are personal loan examples?

Personal loans are granted for any number of reasons. People may want them to buy a car, consolidate debt, pay for school, or pay medical bills. In some cases a personal loan may be used for emergencies or situations that can financially benefit you such as debt consolidation. In other cases, a personal loan may be used to pay for something an individual wants or wants to do but does not have the money they need. For example, a personal loan could be used for financing a vacation, wedding, designer handbag, or holiday gifts.

Another common use for personal loans is financing home improvements. Some people take personal loans for home improvements rather than home equity lines of credit or home equity loans. This is because they may not need a large amount and personal loans are often less complicated than a home equity loan or line of credit. Sometimes people will get a small loan and pay it back for the simple reason of developing a credit rating for themselves. The reasons for personal loans are as varied as the people who get them.

What are the two primary types of personal loans?

Personal loans are usually unsecured or secured. A secured personal loan is backed by an asset such as a vehicle, savings account, or other type of collateral. Compared to an unsecured personal loan, the interest rate may be lower. However, the lender has the ability to take possession of the collateral if the borrower defaults. Secured personal loans are less common than unsecured loans. Fewer lenders offer secured personal loans.

An unsecured loan is an amount of money that is loaned to a borrower based on their credit score and other factors. Your signature and an evaluation of your history is all the lender has to guarantee repayment. While they may be a bit easier to secure, they may have a higher interest rate. If the borrower does not repay the debt, the lender may have a difficult time recouping their money. They can report your delinquency to the credit bureau or possibly sue you. It is easier to qualify for an unsecured loan if your credit score is high since you have already established a track record of repaying your debts.

Do personal loans hurt your credit?

Getting a personal loan can reduce your credit score in the short term, but if you make your payments on-time it can help improve your credit score. Credit scores are made up of a number of factors, two of which are the amount of credit you have open and how long you have had the credit open. A new loan will obviously increase the amount of debt you have. This paired with a limited repayment history for the new loan may cause your credit score to drop. Once you have made some payments, the balance due should decline, and your payment history will be more established. As a result, your credit score can start climbing in the right direction.

What are personal bank loans?

Bank personal loans are no different than credit union personal loans, online personal loans, or other types of personal loans. While terms and conditions may vary depending on the lender, personal loans should be similar.

What is a small loan called?

Everyone has their own definition of what a small loan is. We will define it as a loan between $1,000-$3,000. There are many sources for these loans such as payday loans, pawn shop loans, credit card cash advances, personal loans, and peer-to-peer lending. If you are getting a small loan from a financial institution such as a bank or credit union, they may be called credit rebuilder loans. In some cases, financial institutions will offer small loans to borrowers who have a limited credit history. The idea is to take a little bit of risk for the potential of reward. If the borrower repays the loan, it’s likely that the lender will make a very good ROI due to a high interest rate or high fees or both.

In some cases, credit rebuilder loans can work backwards when compared to an unsecured personal loan because the funds are sometimes held by the lender until the borrower has finished paying the loan. If a borrower wants this type of a loan, they need to check the fees, terms, and conditions to make sure it is the right product to meet their needs.

Small personal loans may also be called debt consolidation loans or home improvement loans.

What are the 4 major types of loans?

There are many different types of loans people can use depending on what they are planning to buy or need money for. Despite there being many loan options for people, there are 4 major types of loans that are generally used when someone needs funding.

Personal loans: Personal loans can be taken from a bank, a credit union, or an online lender. They are given to individuals for a wide variety of purposes including home improvement projects and debt consolidation. Personal loans can also be given to help people pay for medical bills or tuition expenses in some cases. In moments of financial distress, people can take out personal loans to pay for bills or other expenditures that they need to take care of right away.
Home or mortgage loans. Another popular kind of loan that people use is a home or mortgage loan. This relates to new home purchases. Home loans are long-term financing, so you will need to make sure you are ready to take on this kind of expense. Make sure you can afford this long-term expense with all of your other bills. Different lenders all have different requirements, but home loans are often harder to secure than other types of loans.
Automotive loans. Car loans are a popular way to get new or used cars when you can’t afford to pay for them out of pocket. Car loans can be a great way to get a car that is reliable and can ensure you can get to work and all the places you need to go. Car dealerships often provide their own financing through lenders that they partner with. These participating lenders have different requirements, and some might be harder to qualify for than others.
Student loans. With the price of college tuition getting higher and higher, most people that go to school these days need to take out student loans so they can afford to pay for school. These are often taken from the federal government, but some people choose to take student loans from private lenders. Either way, they can be used to pay for tuition, books, and other expenses. Some people use student loans to pay for living expenses in programs where they don’t have time to work while also going to school at the same time. Unlike other loans, these don’t have to be paid back as soon as you take them out from the lender. Most student loans don’t need to be paid back until after you graduate or after you stop attending school.
These 4 loans are the most common types of lending that people receive at some point in their lifetime. Most people will need to take out at least one of these loans during life. Since these loans are the most common, it’s important to know what they are and what they are used for. Make sure you understand all the terms and conditions of any loan before you take it out.

What type of personal loan is without collateral?

When talking about loans, some loans need collateral and other kinds of loans that do not require collateral. An unsecured personal loan does not require collateral. When a lender mentions collateral, they are talking about using an asset to secure your loan. This way, if you stop making payments, the lender is allowed to take your asset and sell it or keep it to get the money you owe on the loan.
An asset can be many different things such as a car, home, valuable pieces of art, or expensive jewelry. These are secured loans.
Personal loans without collateral are unsecured loans. Usually, if the loan you are using is small, you won’t need to use collateral. The exact terms and conditions though depend on the lender.
Types of unsecured loans are usually:
Credit cards
Student loans
Personal loans
Unsecured loans are usually offered depending on your debt-to-income ratio and your credit score. Your credit score may need to be good or excellent to qualify for an unsecured loan. If your credit score is not high enough, you might need a co-signer.
Unsecured loans are riskier for lenders because they don’t have any collateral to back it up if you begin to default on payments. If you default on unsecured loans though, lenders can still take actions against you though. They can take you to court to try and get the money back or garnish some of your wages from your work if the court rules in your favor.
For both unsecured and secured loans, always contact the lender right away if you feel like you can’t make your payments on time.

Which type of loan is best?

This all depends on what you need a loan for. If you are looking to buy a home for the first time, you might benefit from taking out a home or mortgage loan. If you need to buy a new car or a used car that you can’t afford, you might want to look at using a car loan.
For home improvement projects or debt consolidation, personal loans might be your best option. No matter that kind of loan you are taking out, you will want to find the loan with the lowest interest and best loan terms. Unsecured loans are usually the best option because people don’t have to use collateral when receiving these funds.
However, if you are offered a secured loan with very low interest, you might need to consider this option even though you need to put up an asset for it.

What is the cheapest type of loan?

This depends on your credit score and the interest rates that lenders qualify you for. Some people may be able to borrow money cheaper than others. However, some general ways are considered a cheap way to get a loan.
Personal loan from a bank or credit union: Many banks and credit cards give loans with low-interest rates, especially if you have a high credit score or low debt-to-income ratio. They may also offer flexible payment plans. You can also check with online lenders. Sometimes they offer lower interest and faster funding times.
0% APR credit card: Usually, credit cards are one of the more expensive ways to pay for things. However, many credit cards will offer promotion periods where you can get 0% APR. If you can pay back the money before this period ends, it’s considered a cheap way to borrow money.
Personal line of credit: This is a hybrid option between loans and credit cards. This is more of a revolving line of credit, so you will only borrow as you need money. This can be an efficient way to borrow money if you aren’t sure how much you need to borrow.

What are the 4 C’s of lending?

You might have heard of the 4 C’s when it comes to lending. This is how lenders qualify borrowers and determine who can borrow money and who can’t.

Capacity to pay back the loan. Lenders will check your debt obligations and income information.
Capital. This is where lenders will check your reserves and savings to see if you have enough money to pay the loan if you happen to lose income sources.
Collateral. This is when lenders might choose to secure an asset to give you the loan.
Credit. This is where lenders will check your credit score and what other debts you have.


In conclusion, there are different types of personal loans and selecting the right one is important. No matter what type of personal loan you need or want, Acorn Finance can help you find the best offer.

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